Botox is slowly becoming the universal elixir for almost any disease. From headaches and depression to muscular spasms or erectile dysfunctions, Botox is gaining ground thanks to the doctors’ ability to use it outside its therapeutic areas.
Used in an uncontrolled situation, like ingesting contaminated food, the bacteria can produce life-threatening conditions or even death. But used in small doses, the toxin can block the nerves to certain muscles, inducing relaxation and having a great therapeutic effect.
In 1998, the company that discovered the effects of Botox started the official trials to prove the benefits of Botox for wrinkles. In 2002, the FDA approved the toxin for this cosmetic therapy, one year later generating sales of $310.000.000 and in 2013, the FDA gave the approval for using Botox for hyperactive bladder disease.
Although is a very popular cosmetic treatment, more than half of the income the toxin generates – over 2,45 billion dollars in 2015 – is coming from therapeutic use.
The Botox’s use for migraines, for example, was discovered accidentally by a doctor in Beverly Hills, after he performed cosmetic adjustments and wrinkle treatments. He was asking his patients how are they feeling after the procedure and most of them claimed they are not having headaches anymore.
Currently, Botox has used also for people suffering from mild to severe depression, although the mechanism is not entirely understood.
At this moment, the toxin is approved by FDA for reducing the wrinkles, but also for squint, eyelids spasms, excessive perspiration, hyperactive bladder, and headaches.