The project was initiated by Microsoft, Facebook and Telxius, it’s 6.600 kilometers long and it was installed in the depths of the Atlantic Ocean.
The giant fiber optic cable connects Virginia Beach, the United States and Bilbao, Spain.
The cable, dubbed as Marea, will start operating in 2018 and it will transmit data with a 160 terabytes / second speed, 16 million times faster than a regular home internet connection.
More precisely, 71 million HD clips can be transmitted simultaneously via this cable.
The construction of the cable began in August 2016 and was completed earlier that the initial date, which was October 2017.
The Marea will be operated and maintained by the Telxius telecommunication company and it will connect with network hubs across multiple regions of Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
The average thickness of such a cable is no larger than a garden hose
The cables are anchored at the ends, placed on the bottom of the water, covered in protective sand.
In the 1990’s, most of this infrastructure belonged to consortia in the “telecom” industry, which made it possible for telephony.
Subsequently, more and more private players have begun to associate in order to pursue their business interests.
The largest investors in cable locations are Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Amazon, the main internet content providers.
Everyone benefits from them, from mobile operators to governments, research institutes, televisions and home consumers.
Being located in an uncontrolled environment, these cables can break, especially if they confront with extremely violent natural phenomena such as hurricanes or earthquakes.